Assessment of costs and spatial dynamics of cross-border trade and transport practices in South Asia

  • World Bank Group
  • 27/06/2024
Research assistant, Researcher, Senior researcher, Advisor, Project lead Trade and Investment



South Asian countries (Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal) are implementing various measures to improve transport infrastructure and simplify trade processes across borders. The measures should reduce costs and reflect in the space economies along major trade routes, especially border settlements' dynamism. In particular, it has long been apparent that the activities and costs that are faced at border crossing points, such as Benapole – Petrapole, feed into the local economy, supporting jobs and have spillovers into thriving border economies. In addition to measures that have been agreed upon and implemented at the regional level or between pairs of countries, reforms around the general sales tax in India can potentially impact the growth of economic centers along interstate trade routes. In that context, the proposed assignment aims to understand the likely impact of trade and transport integration on different places and economies along current and future trade routes and the economic centers they connect. The success of regional integration will depend on proactively determining the adjustments and costs that come with a seamless movement of goods and people across borders.

The proposed assignment aims to assess the economic and spatial effects and policy implications of measures to facilitate trade and transportation between BBIN countries (India-Bangladesh, India-Nepal).


Project Type

Consulting - Tender opportunity